Planetary Gear System – Working And Functioning Explained!

Planetary Gear SystemPlanetary Gear System

This engineering video is structured to show how epicyclic gearing (planetary gears) work. An epicyclic gear train consists of two gears mounted so that the center of one gear revolves around the center of the other. A carrier connects the centers of the two gears and rotates to carry one gear, called the planet gear, around the other, called the sun gear.

Planetary Gear System – Working And Functioning Explained!

The planet and sun gears mesh so that their pitch circles roll without slip. A point on the pitch circle of the planet gear traces an epicycloid curve. In this simplified case, the sun gear is fixed and the planetary gear(s) roll around the sun gear.

An epicyclic gear train can be assembled so the planet gear rolls on the inside of the pitch circle of a fixed, outer gear ring, or ring gear, called an annular gear. In this case, the curve traced by a point on the pitch circle of the planet is a hypocycloid.

The combination of epicycle gear trains with a planet engaging both a sun gear and an annular gear is called a planetary gear train. In this case, the annular gear is usually fixed and the sun gear is driven.

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