How Atomic Bombs work and the science behind them!

How Atomic Bombs workHow Atomic Bombs work is a question that can’t get a simple answer. To find that out we have to go way back into history. Moreover, we also have to look into chemistry and physics to fully understand the process.

An atomic bomb or a nuclear weapon is an explosive device. The destructive force that this device gets is from nuclear reactions. Nuclear reactors, on the other hand, can develop either from fission or a fission bomb or a combination of fusion ( thermonuclear weapon) and fission. Either way, these reactions are capable of releasing enormous quantities of energy from very small amounts of matter. Simply put, that is their superpower.

How Atomic Bombs work and the science behind them!

How Atomic Bombs workAs you know scientists are curious creatures so, they tend to test pretty much everything they’re working on. Thus, they tested a fission bomb (atomic bomb) and it released an amount of energy that equals approximately 20,000 tons of TNT (84 TJ). When they did a hydrogen bomb test, it proved to be a little less destructive – approximately 10 million tons of TNT (42 PJ).
What I am trying to say is that a thermonuclear weapon that weighs a bit more than 1,100 kg can produce an explosion that can easily be compared to a detonation of more than 1.2 million tons of TNT. Needless to say, these weapons are of mass destruction.

So far, we have seen the power of an atomic bomb only once in the human history, despite the tests that scientists conducted. I’m sure that everyone has heard of the detonation of “Little Boy”. This was a uranium gun-type fission bomb detonated over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Only 2 days later, The U.S Amry Air Forces attacked Nagasaki, again a Japanese city. This one was a plutonium implosion-type fission bomb and its codename was “Fat Man”.

The results were devastating both on civilians and military personnel. Since of those two events, scientists have been testing and demonstrating a lot of experiments referring atomic bombs. Nevertheless, we also are interested into how atomic bombs work.

Check out the video below and find out!